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the limitation of the working day is a preliminary condition without which all further attempts at improvement and emancipation must prove abortive.

Wealth is Disposable Time, and Nothing More.
. . .not the reduction of necessary labour time so as to posit surplus labour, but rather the general reduction of the necessary labour of society to a minimum, which then corresponds to the artistic, scientific etc. development of the individuals in the time set free . . .

S.J. Chapman's Theory of the Hours of Labour
Sidney J. Chapman's 1909 address on the "Hours of Labour" was considered the "classical statement of the theory of 'hours' in a free market", (J.R. Hicks, Theory of Wages, 1932). Then it virtually vanished from the economics discourse. Why?

The "lump-of-labor" case against work-sharing: populist fallacy or marginalist throwback?
A 1000-word "executive summary" of the chapter forthcoming in Lonnie Golden and Deborah Figart, eds., Working Time: International Trends, Theory and Policy Perspectives, Routledge, 2001.

Rewarding Years of Service with More Free Time
Highly commended as one of the Best Ideas of 1998 by the Institute for Social Inventions.

What would happen if . . .
. . . we had a four-day work week?
A debate in Next City Magazine between Tom Walker and Jock Finlayson, vice president of the Business Council of B.C. Seventy-nine per cent of respondents to the debate agreed that we would be better off with a four-day week.

The Prosperity Covenant: how reducing work time really works to create jobs
A presention to the Operation:JOBS Roundtable. Reducing the hours of work is not an economic panacea. The efficiency gains from shorter hours -- and the long term employment gains -- don't come automatically from the reduction in hours. They come from intelligent adjustment to the change in hours.

Contract Costing and the Campaign for Reduced Working Time
Miscalculations in costing contract proposals weaken the labour movement's pursuit of shorter working time through collective bargaining. And they may contribute to settlements that contain unnecessary concessions to management. More accurate and time sensitive contract costing could help avoid these pitfalls.

Sabbath of the Land or Utopia of Work?: A Q-methodology Analysis
Government reports on unemployment conceal a bleaker reality in which many job seekers have become discouraged or take part-time work.
People who have prospered owe something back to the community that has enabled them to prosper.
There are few economic problems that cause as much suffering as unemployment.

Henry Ford: Why I Favor Five Days' Work With Six Days' Pay
The automobile manufacturer in this authorized interview tells Mr. Crowther why he reduced the working week in Ford plants all over the world to forty hours with no cut in pay.

TimeWork has been online since June 29, 1995. This page updated: February 29, 2004.